Koncepcja teologii Paula Tillicha

Antoni Nadbrzeżny

Abstrakt


Paul Tillich (1886-1965) was a modern theologian whose work remains very interesting today. His primary objective in teaching and writing was to make his understanding of Christianity relevant to the modern mind. This paper presents Tillich’s concept of theology. The key to understanding Tillich’s theology is what he calls the “method of correlation.” Theology must be an answering theology. Tillich called it apologetic theology. Christian answers should be offered in response to questions asked by modern man. It is an approach that correlates insights from Christian revelation with the issues raised by existential, psychological, and philosophical analysis. The theological answer is determined by the sources of theology, our experience, and the norm of theology. There are three main sources of systematic theology: the Bible, Church history, and the history of religion and culture. Experience is not a source but a medium through which the sources speak. And the norm of theology is the content of the biblical message. Tillich’s concept of theology has been directly influential on many catholic theologians as well (E. Schillebeeckx, J. Haught, T. Halík).


Słowa kluczowe


Paul Tillich; teologia systematyczna; apologetyka; orędzie chrześcijańskie; sytuacja egzystencjalna; metoda korelacji

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Bibliografia


Clayton J.P.: The Concept of Correlation. Berlin 1980.

Hill J.: The History of Christian Thought. Downers Grove 2003.

Kelsey D.: Paul Tillich. W: D. Ford (red.). The Modern Theologians. Oxford 2005.

Kłoczowski A.: Paul Tillich. Teolog „troski ostatecznej”. W: J. Majewski, J. Makowski. Leksykon wielkich teologów XX/XXI wieku. Warszawa 2003 s. 334-346.

Łata J.A.: Odpowiadająca teologia Paula Tillicha. Oleśnica 1995.

McGrath A. E.: Christian Theology. An Introduction. Oxford 2003.

Tillich P.: Teologia systematyczna. Tł. J. Marzęcki. Kęty 2004.

Wenz G.: Subject und Sein. Die Entwicklung der Theologie Pauls Tillichs. München 1979.


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