Does power corrupt or does it facilitate goal attainment? Dominance and functionalist perspectives in psychological models of power

Paweł Ziemiański

Abstract


This article describes how psychological models of power adopt the dominance and functionalist perspective in examining the influence of power on power holders. According to the dominance perspective, power leads to a desire to increase dominance over others and has a negative and corruptive influence on the person holding it, whereas the functionalist perspective puts emphasis on how power aids the attainment of the power holder’s and the group’s goals and should therefore trigger processes helpful in goal attainment. The main object of analysis is the assumptions about how power influences social perception.


Keywords


power; psychological models of power; social perception

Full Text:

PDF

References


Anderson, C. i Berdahl, J. L. (2002). The experience of power: Examining the effects of power on approach and inhibition tendencies. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 83, 1362--1377.

Asch, S. E. (1946). Forming impressions of personality. Journal of Abnormal and Social Psychology, 41, 258-290.

Carver, C. S. i White, T. L. (1994). Behavioral inhibition, behavioral activation, and affective responses to impending reward and punishment: The BIS/BAS scales. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 319-333.

Cisłak, A. (2013). Effects of power on social perception. All your boss can see is agency. Social Psychology, 44, 139-147.

Cisłak, A. i Wojciszke, B. (2008). Agency and communion are inferred from actions serving interests of self or others. European Journal of Social Psychology, 38, 1103-1110.

Cummins, D. (1996). Dominance hierarchies and the evolution of human reasoning. Minds Machines, 6, 463-480.

Depret, E. F. i Fiske, S. T. (1993). Social cognition and power: Some cognitive consequences of social structure as a source of control deprivation. W: G. Weary, F. Gleicher i K. Marsh (red.), Control motivation and social cognition (s. 176-202). New York: Springer-Verlag.

DePue, R. A. (1995). Neurobiological factors in personality and depression. European Journal of Personality, 9, 413-439.

DeWall, C. N., Baumeister, R. F., Mead, N. L. i Vohs, K. D. (2011). How leaders self-regulate their task performance: Evidence that power promotes diligence, depletion, and disdain. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 100, 47-65.

Fisek, M. i Ofshe, R. (1970). The process of status evolution. Sociometry, 33, 327-346.

Fiske, S. T. (1993). Controlling other people: The impact of power on stereotyping. American Psychologist, 48, 621-628.

Gable, L., Reis, T. i Elliot, J. (2000). Behavioral activation and inhibition in everyday life. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 78, 1135-1149.

Galinsky, A. D., Gruenfeld, D. H. i Magee, J. C. (2003). From power to action. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 85, 453-466.

Galinsky, A. D., Magee, J. C., Gruenfeld, D. H., Whitson, J. A. i Liljenquist, K. A. (2008). Power reduces the press of the situation: Implications for creativity, conformity, and dissonance. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 1450-1466.

Galinsky, A. D., Magee, J. C., Inesi, M. E., i Gruenfeld, D. H. (2006). Power and perspectives not taken. Psychological Science, 17, 1068-1074.

Gray, J. A. (1970). The psychophysiological basis of introversion-extraversion. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 8, 249-266.

Gruenfeld, D. H., Inesi, M. E., Magee, J. C. i Galinsky, A. D. (2008). Power and the objectification of social targets. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 111-127.

Guinote, A. (2007). Power affects basic cognition: Increased attentional inhibition and flexibility. Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, 43, 685-697.

Guinote, A. (2008). Power and affordances: When the situation has more power over powerful than over powerless individuals. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 95, 237-252.

Guinote, A. (2010). The situated focus theory of power. W: A. Guinote i T. Vescio (red.), The social psychology of power (s. 141-173). New York: Guilford Press.

Guinote, A. i Vescio, T. (2010). Introduction. Power in social psychology. W: A. Guinote i T. Vescio (red.), The social psychology of power (s. 1-16). New York: Guilford Press.

Higgins, E. T. (1989). Self-discrepancy: A theory relating self and affect. Psychological Review, 94, 319-340.

Higgins, E. T. (1997). Beyond pleasure and pain. American Psychologist, 52, 1280-1300.

Hock, R. (2003). 40 prac badawczych, które zmieniły oblicze psychologii. Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.

Judge, T. A., Piccolo, R. F. i Kosalka, T. A. (2009). The bright and dark sides of leader traits: A review and theoretical extension of the leader trait paradigm. Leadership Quarterly, 20, 855-875.

Kahneman, D. i Tversky, A. (1979). Intuitive prediction: Biases and corrective procedures. TIMS Studies in Management Science, 12, 313-327.

Keltner, D., Gruenfeld, D. H. i Anderson, C. (2003). Power, approach and inhibition. Psychological Review, 110, 265-284.

Kipnis, D. (1972). Does power corrupt? Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 24, 33-41.

Kipnis, D. (1987). Psychology and behavioral technology. American Psychologist, 42, 30-36.

Kipnis, D., Castell, P. J., Gergen, M. i Mauch, D. (1976). Metamorphic effects of power. Journal of Applied Psychology, 2, 127-135.

Kozielecki, J. (1998). Koncepcje psychologiczne człowieka. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Akademickie „Żak”.

Lee-Chai, A. Y. i Bargh, J. A. (red.) (2009). Władza. Pokusy i zagrożenia. Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.

Łukaszewski, W. (2003). Wielkie pytania psychologii. Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.

Magee, J. i Smith, P. (2013). The social distance theory of power. Personality and Social Psychology Review, 17, 158-186.

Maner, J. K. i Mead, N. L. (2010). The essential tension between leadership and power: When leaders sacrifice group goals for the sake of self-interest. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99, 482-497.

Moskowitz, G. B. (2009). Zrozumieć siebie i innych. Psychologia poznania społecznego. Gdańsk: Gdańskie Wydawnictwo Psychologiczne.

Overbeck, J. R. (2010). Concepts and historical perspectives on power. W: A. Guinote i T. K. Vescio (red.), The social psychology of power (s. 19-45). New York: Guilford Press.

Overbeck, J. R. i Park, B. (2001). When power does not corrupt: Superior individuation processes among powerful perceivers. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 81, 549-565.

Piketty, T. (2015). Ekonomia nierówności. Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Krytyki Politycznej.

Sassenberg, K., Jonas, K. J., Shah, J. Y. i Brazy, P. C. (2007). Why some groups just feel better: The regulatory fit of group power. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 92, 249-267.

Smith, P. K., Jostmann, N. B., Galinsky, A. D. i van Dijk, W. (2008). Lacking power impairs executive functions. Psychological Science, 19, 441-447.

Smith, P. K. i Trope, Y. (2006). You focus on the forest when you’re in charge of the trees: Power priming and abstract information processing. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 90, 578-596.

Trope, Y. i Liberman, N. (2010). Construal-level theory of psychological distance. Psychological Review, 117, 440-446.

Waytz, A., Chou, E. Y., Magee, J. C. i Galinsky, A. D. (2015). Not so lonely at the top: The relationship between power and loneliness. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 130, 69-78.

Weick, M. i Guinote, A. (2010). How long will it take? Power biases time predictions. Journal of Experimental and Social Psychology, 46, 595-604.

Wojciszke, B. (2011). Psychologia władzy. Nauka, 2, 51-69.

Wojciszke, B. i Abele, A. E. (2008). The primacy of communion over agency and its reversals in evaluations. European Journal of Social Psychology, 38, 1139-1147.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18290/rpsych.2017.20.3-4en

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Roczniki Psychologiczne/Annals of Psychology

ISSN: 1507-7888   e-ISSN: 2451-4306


© Towarzystwo Naukowe KUL & Katolicki Uniwersytet Lubelski Jana Pawła II – Wydział Nauk Społecznych


Articles are licensed under a Creative Commons  Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)