The function of religiosity in the process of coping with stress. Kenneth I. Parga ment’s theory

Rafał P. Bartczuk, Marek Jarosz

Abstract


In psychological research areas of religion and stress have been interconnected for many years. Among theories explaining the function of religion in stressful situations, the theory of religious coping developed by K. I. Pargament has recently gained considerable popularity. This approach can be characterized as cognitive, process-oriented and pragmatic. This article presents the terminological apparatus of this theory, the explanation the theory gives for the role of religion on particular stages of the process of coping with stress and mechanisms responsible for this role. The religious coping strategies described by Pargament are also characterized. Despite of some theoretical drawbacks, owing to its multi-dimensionality, this theory provided bases for extensive and promising research programmes. It introduced a new point of view on the associations between religiosity and psychic health, which provided an impulse for boosting research in psychology of religion.


Keywords


religiosity; stress; coping; religion; function of religion; religious coping

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