Smoking and personality traits – literature review

Krzysztof Fronczyk


This paper revievs research findings about the role of individual differences in smoking addiction. Data from cross-sectional and longitudinal studies are presented. Smoking addiction is related to Eysenck's basic personality dimensions and to subdimensions of basic characteristics of personality. However, some research findings do not confirm this link, especially, the relationship between neuroticism and smoking is rather weak. One of possible explanations is that the group of smokers is heterogeneous with regard to personality dimensions and demographic variables. Thus, it is possible to distinguish different types of smokers. Future research into individual causes of smoking must take into account associations with demographic and social factors to understand smoking as a complex human behaviour.


smoking dependence; personality

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