Polski personalizm współczesny

Stanisław Kowalczyk


This article is written in three parts. Part I characterizes thomistie-phenomenological personalism. This current of thought was represented by Cardinal Wojtyła who later became Pope John Paul II. The sources of his personalism are presented and discussed: the thomistic conception of being and the thought of M. Scheler, his methods - phenomenological intuition and metaphysical analysis, the phenomenological description of the dynamism of man as a way of recognizing the being of Ban /agere sequitur esse/, the metaphysical theory of person /nature vs. personhood/, the relation of the Individual to society /Christian personalism on opposition to individualism and collectivism/. Fr. U. Jaworski also makes reference to thomistic-phenomenological personalism and emphasizes the ontic function of God in the creation of the human person.

Part II of this dissertation discusses other currents of Polish personalism: augustinlan, existential-thomistic and phenomenological. The augustinian-thomistic current is represented by Fr. F. Sawicki /the thomistic definition of the person is combined with his emphasis of value in the existential experience of man/ as well by Fr. J. Pastuszka /thomistic intellectualism entiches augustinlan voluntarism/. A sort of thomistic-existential personalism is accepted by Fr. M. A. Krąpiec OP /the priority of the theory of hylemorphism before the moment of experience, the Internal "I" and the person, the common good of society and the rights of the individual/ as well by H. Gogacz /the distinction between the substantial and relational concepts of the human person/. Phenomenological personalism in Poland is represented by Professor B. Ingarden /earlier Ingarden spoke about an ontology of human consciousness; later he accepted certain existential dimension of man, e.g. freedom/, as well by Fr. J. Tischner /the "axiological ego" as a point of departure for thought concerning the nature of the human person/.

Part III of this article mentions some of personalisms inspirations in extra-metaphysical thought: in theology /Fr. W. Grant/, in ethics /J. Woroniecki, T. Ślipko, T. Styczeń/, in pedagogy /S. Kunowski/, in social philosophy /the Lublin School with Professor Cz. Strzeszewski et its head in particular/ and finally in social, political activity /the Catholic lay groupings Znak and the Centre for Documentation and Social Studies /ODiSS//.

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