Style życia Polaków. Próba socjologicznej typologii

Grzegorz Adamczyk


The issue of lifestyles in social sciences has an ample history. The beginning of the success won by the idea of a `lifestyle' in sociology should be associated with Max Weber, Therstein Veblen and Georg Simmel. In modern times, especially from the perspective of empirical sociology, it is accepted that `lifestyle' is connected with more or less cohesive patterns of behavior and individual values. A review done by the Institute of Opinion Study GfK Polonia in July 2002 on a group of randomly chosen 1000 people aged 15 and more revealed five basic group of Poles practicing various lifestyles. Generally 11% of Poles may be called `conquerors', 35% - `pioneers', and 27% - `traditionalists'. A further 7% is characterized by an `elite' lifestyle, whereas 20% makes up a group of `misfits'.

Individualism and being oriented towards values of self-realization, of being open to the surrounding reality and the ability to `manage' is first of all characteristic of `conquerors'. The `elite' and `pioneers' distinctly try to make a synthesis of traditional life principles, expressed e.g. by the values of acceptance and duty, and the `new', individualist-self-realization ones. In turn, `traditionalists' completely deliberately remain with traditional life values and principles that have been tested by the previous generations. However, this is not an `escapist' lifestyle, but a conscious rejection of the life principles based on individualism. It is this attitude that makes `traditionalists' different from `misfits' whose `clinging' to tradition first of all results from the fear of an individualized society, and not from a conscious choice.

Słowa kluczowe

styl życia; badania stylu życia; wartości; wzory zachowań; religia

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