Past Participle Agreements in French: Corpus-Based Analysis

Magdalena Dańko, Fabrice Marsac

Abstract


The concord system of the French past participle is based on a series of rules, mainly semantico-‑syntactic, which means it requires the ability of functional analysis, and consequently also good grammatical skills and knowledge. The concord system features many exceptions, in which agreement is either obligatory or forbidden contrary to the speaker’s linguistic intuition – apart from extraordinary and ambivalent instances. Our goal was to assess student knowledge of concord rules for the past participle in French as a foreign language. We prepared a quiz consisting of 33 sentences that tests knowledge of particular rules. It allows to isolate rules that are particularly difficult to students, which in turn helps find appropriate didactic solutions.


Keywords


past participle in French; corpus-based analysis; acquisition/teaching of French as a foreign language

References


« Les Rectifications de l’orthographe » (document administratif du 19 juin 1990), [in :] Journal Officiel de la République Française, 06/12/1990.

« Tolérances grammaticales ou orthographiques » (arrêté du 26 février 1901, dit Arrêté Leygues), [in :] Journal Officiel de la République Française, 26/07/1901.

« Tolérances grammaticales ou orthographiques » (arrêté du 28 décembre 1976, dit Arrêté Haby), [in :] Journal Officiel de la République Française, 09/02/1977.

Farid Georges, 2013, « Le participe passé entre la tradition et l’avenir », [in :] Marsac F. et Pellat J.C. [éds.] Le participe passé entre accords et désaccords, Strasbourg, Presses universitaires de Strasbourg, 83-97.

Grevisse Maurice, 1996, Savoir accorder le participe passé, Louvain-la-Neuve, Duculot.

Marsac Fabrice, 2016, Histoire d’S ou le participe passé au Rasoir d’Ockham – Théorie et application, Paris, L’Harmattan.

Pellat Jean-Christophe, 2016, Préface du livre de Marsac F., Histoire d’S ou le participe passé au Rasoir d’Ockham – Théorie et application, Paris, L’Harmattan.

Vaugelas Claude Favre de, 1663 [1647], Remarqves svr la langve françoise, vtiles à cevx qvi vevlent bien parler et bien escrire (nouvelle édition, revue et corrigée), Paris, Lovis Billaine.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18290/rh.2016.64.8-9

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2017 Annals of Arts

Roczniki Humanistyczne · ISSN 0035-7707 | eISSN 2544-5200 | DOI: 10.18290/rh

© The Learned Society of the John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin & The John Paul II Catholic University of Lublin, Faculty of Humanities


Articles are licensed under a Creative Commons  Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0)