Language as a Necessary Condition for Complex Mental Content: A Review of the Discussion on Spatial and Mathematical Thinking

Arkadiusz Gut, Robert Mirski

Abstrakt


Język jako warunek konieczny złożonej treści mentalnej: przegląd badań nad myśleniem przestrzennym i matematycznym

W niniejszym artykule dokonujemy przeglądu badań z zakresu psychologii poznawczej, które skupiają się na hipotezie języka jako integratora treści zaczerpniętych z oddzielnych modułów poznawczych. W pierwszej kolejności przedstawiamy teoretyczną stronę badań, a następnie przechodzimy do prezentacji dwóch obszarów badan empirycznych eksplorujących hipotezę języka jako integratora treści. Punktem wyjścia tych badań jest fakt, że w obydwu przypadkach mamy do czynienia z dwoma rodzajami informacji, przetwarzanych przez dwa oddzielne moduły. Dla myślenia przestrzennego są to informacja geometryczna na temat lokacji przedmiotu w przestrzeni oraz informacja na temat właściwości inherentnych przedmiotowi, takich jak kolor czy wielkość. W przypadku matematycznego myślenia, dwa moduły przetwarzają kolejno informację na temat absolutnych ale małych ilości oraz przybliżonych wielkości. Celem badań w tych dwóch obszarach jest wykazanie, że język jest koniecznym warunkiem ku temu, aby informacja z obydwu modułów została zintegrowana. W końcowej części artykułu oferujemy kilka komentarzy na temat teoretycznej strony przedstawionych badań.


Słowa kluczowe


myślenie matematyczne; modularność; myślenie przestrzenne; język

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.18290/rf.2018.66.3-2

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